Apr 162017

The mishna discusses 4 types of sales – one where the buyer can renege, one where the seller can renege (cases where the quality was different than the one agreed upon), one where neither xcan renege and one where either side can renege.  Rav Chisda adds that if there was ona’ah (over or undercharging) in which case the sale can be cancelled, and then the price changed after the sale, still only the side that was over/undercharged can renege. How does one acquire fruits?  The mishna discusses which methods work and which don’t.  Rabbi Asi and Rabbi Zeira debate what Rabbi Yochanan holds regarding one who measured and put the items in a side area off the main thoroughfare.  Does one acquire it if it is simply put there or does it need to be placed in the vessels of the buyer in the side area?

Apr 142017

How does one determine if the branches grew out of the trunk or the ground?  If one purchases 3 trees, one acquires the land.  How much land does one acquire?  How much space needs to be in between the trees in order for them to be considered one field so that the purchaser can also acquire the land?

Apr 132017

Rabbi Meir and the rabbis disagree in a case where one purchases two trees, does one acquire the land also or not?  What are the ramifications of this debate?  Does one bring the first fruits of a tree like this?  According to the mishna in Bikurim, Rabbi Meir and the rabbis also debate this point and according to the rabbis, one would bring the first fruits to the Beit Hamikdash but not say the recitation.  Is this mishna in Bikurim connected to the debate in our mishna?  And why this in between – bring the fruits but not say the recitation?  Rabba answers that we do it because of a doubt – the rabbis are unclear whether or not one acquires the land (likewise for Rabbi Meir in the case of one who purchases one tree).  Four questions are brought on Rabba’s answer and are all resolved but in a way that changes the method in which one brings these fruits to the Beit Hamikdash.

Apr 102017

What parts of the donkey are included in a sale of a donkey?  It depends on whether one holds what the main purpose of buying a donkey was – for riding or for carrying.  Are offspring included in the sale of a nursing cow or donkey?  Further drashot are brought regarding the theme of arrogance as well as the righteous being rewarding and the wicked being destroyed.

Apr 092017

Ameimar paskens on the issue regarding how one can transfer a document of a loan to another.  There are 2 different versions of the gemara – each having the opposite conclusion.  The gemara questions Ameimar and then resolves the contradiction.  The mishna then discusses other parts of an item that one acquires or doesn’t acquire with the sale of the item.  There is a debate in the mishna whether or not we can look at the amount of money and that will be telling about what the purchase was for.

Apr 072017

There are more stories about the leviathan and what will happen to it in the future and how the righteous and Jerusalem will benefit from its meat and its skin.  Descriptions are brought about what will be in Jerusalem in the future.  The gemara then goes on to discuss how one acquires (through what type of kinyan) a boat.

Apr 062017

Rabba bar bar Chana tells stories about when an Arab showed him the people who died in the desert (dor hamidbar), Mount Sinai, and the earth where Korach and his followers were killed.  Each place seemed to have some sort of magical powers associated with it.  Stories are brought by various rabbis about all the Leviathan and other gigantic creatures.

Apr 052017

One who buys a boat, what parts are included in the sale of the boat?  Since boats were mentioned, Raba and Rabba bar bar Chana bring many stories about things they saw while travelling or stories that were told to them by those who came from the sea.  The stories are very exaggerated and their meaning unclear. Many view these stories as allegorical.

Apr 042017

Study Guide Bava Batra 72

How can we reconcile Rav Huna with Rabbi Shimon?  The gemara suggests one possibility but it is rejected based on an understanding of Rabbi Shimon’s opinion elsewhere in a braita regarding one who consecrates a field.  Based on also a contradiction within Rabbi Shimon’s statement in our mishna and Rabbi Shimon in the braita, the gemara concludes that RAbbi Shimon in our mishna is not actually his own opinion but what he thinks the rabbis should hold according to their opinion.  The gemara then questions Rabbi Shimon’s opinion in the braita with an opinion of Rabbi Shimon’s in another case.