Jul 172017

Today’s shiur was sponsored by Ilana Kurshan and Daniel Feldman in honor of the siyum.

Study Guide Bava Batra 175-176

What are the differences between a loan with a contract and a loan with an oral agreement?  If a guarantor signs after the loan takes place, can one collect from the guarantor?  An interesting exchange between Rabbi Yishmael and ben Nanas may shed light on the masechet as a whole.

Jul 162017

Daniel Mann, Esq. speaks about how halacha in modern times grapples with the issue of wills.  He begins with the halacha in the Torah which dictates how property should be distributed and how it developed in the mishna/gemara and through to the shulchan aruch and Rema and then to modern day poskim.  What rabbinic attempts were made to find solutions to create a system that better matches common law?  What are the advantages/disadvantages of each solution?

Jul 162017

More discussions regarding different types of guarantors for different types of situations.  In which cases do we assume the guarantor will have to pay and in which do we not assume?  Do we take into consideration whether or not the debtor had money at the time of the transaction?  If one says on one’s deathbed that money is owed to someone – is that statement believed or should we assume that the person was only trying to make it look like his/her sons don’t have a lot of money.  Would the same apply in a case where all the money was dedicated to the temple rather than to his sons?  Another law is brought regarding the inheritor’s ability to claim that the bequeather may have said he/she owed someone money but then said that they had paid them back – in what case are they believed and in what case are they not believed.

Jul 132017

If a property is left to siblings and they disagree about whether to keep the property, rent it out or sell, can one force the other to implement his position?  If there are two people with the same name, can they collect loans from others, can others collect loans from them and can they collect a loan one loaned to the other.  There is a three-way debate regarding these issues between our mishna and 2 other braitot.  The logic behind each of the opinions is discussed.

Jul 112017

Study Guide Bava Batra 170

A braita is brought regarding one who comes to court claiming one has proof of ownership of the land both in the form of a shtar and a chazaka (lived on the land for 3 years without the owner protesting).  There is a debate between Rebbi and Rashbag about whether one needs to bring the shtar or the chazaka as proof (or either or).  The gemara brings 5 explanations as to what the case is and therefore what is at the root of the debate.  If one pays back half of a loan – what is do

Jul 102017

In a case of a lost document, can one write up a new document to replace the old one?  In which cases is this ok?  And in which cases are we worried one may pull out the old document at a later time and claim land that doesn’t belong to him/her?  Two very basic disagreements are discussed – is a guarantee a basic part of any sale – meaning that if it isn’t written in the document does one assume that it was sold with a guarantee?  And does passing on a shtar (deed of sale) to another affect a kinyan – is the item acquired by the receiver, even though the name on the deed is the one who gave it to him/her?

Jul 092017

The gemara discusses why in particular cases one side needs to pay for the document to be written or why the mishna needed to specify that they needed to pay – isn’t is obvious?  A classic case of asmachta is brought – where one pays back part of one’s loan and both sides agree to give the document to a third party (instead of writing a receipt that part was paid).  If the borrower declares, “I will pay by a particular date and if not, you can return the document to the creditor,” there is a debate about whether or not the creditor can claim the whole amount (in the event that the loan is not paid back on time).  The gemara concludes that asmachta is not a valid transaction and one would not need to pay in this case.  What does one do if the document is erased or torn?

Jul 072017

How can one tell whether dinarim is referring to gold or silver?  In which types of discrepancies between the top part of the document and the bottom part do we hold by the bottom and in which cases by the top?  If an amount is given but not the type of coin, how do we determine which coin was meant?  Abaye teaches halachot regarding how to avoid forgeries and then several cases ar brought where people tried to defraud him or others but was brought before him and he detected the forgery.  The mishna teaches what types of documents can be written by one side without the knowledge of the other and which ones need to be written with the knowledge of both sides?  Who pays for the document to be written?  Also the scribe needs to know the people involved to prevent the person from giving the document to someone else with the same name.