The mishna and gemara discuss issues relating to the courts – upholding decisions by the same court after the prosecuted person has run away, a court upholding the decision of a different court, and others. Should the courts be using capital punishment? If so, how often? The new chapter starts with laws of the city of refuge. Who goes there? Who does not? For what reason do they not go? Is it because they are not deserving of the punishment or is it because they are not deserving of receiving protection from the relative of the one who was killed?