Oct 042017

If a cow kills a person and gets stoned, what is the status of its fetus if it is pregnant?   Does it depend on whether or not the cow was pregnant at the time of the killing?  At the time of the conviction?  Does it depend on the time the calf is born?  Does a warning need to contain the exact type of death sentence?  Rav Yehuda corrects his father’s version of the mishna and is reprimanded by his teacher for not expressing his words respectfully enough to his father.  If one is convicted to get 2 death penalties which one does he get?  Does it depend on if they were both from the same act or from 2 different acts?  The next 2 mishnayot describe situations in which one gets sent to a “kipa” – each mishna describes what differently what the person is fed in the “kipa.” The gemara assumes they are describing the same thing and just each one dealing with a different stage.  Under what circumstances does one get sent to a “kipa” and how does the gemara understand the circumstances described in the mishna?

Oct 032017

Study Guide Sanhedrin 79

What type of intent is needed in order for one to receive the death penalty for murder?  Rabbi Shimon has a unique approach that one only gets capital punishment if one intending to kill that particular person.  The rabbis disagree but also have their own set of criteria.  The next mishna discusses a case of a murderer who gets mixed up with others.  Three different interpretations are brought to explain what the case of the mishna is.

Oct 022017

If a group of people gang up on one person and each hit him/her and he/she dies, do all or any of them receive the death penalty?  What are the laws regarding a person who is a treifa – one who is assessed to die within 12 months – what if a person like that is killed or kills or testifies against another?  If one hits another and is assessed to die but then recovers somewhat and then subsequently dies, can the one who hit be killed as punishment for the death or not?

Oct 012017

One gets the penalty of beheading for murder and the inhabitants of a city that all worship idols.  The gemara discusses various cases of indirect murder and establishes which situations is one liable for indirectly murdering another and in which cases is one exempt.