May 242017

How was the land divided – into twelve equal portions or by equal portions for each individual Israelite?  Some type of compensation (either in land or financial) took place by those who received greater portions or those who received portions closer to Jerusalem.    The land was divided by a lottery and the urim and tumim.  The gemara discusses how the process worked.  In Yechezkel, the future land distribution is discussed and the gemara discusses the differences and describes what the 13th portion mentioned there will be.  The next mishna describes similarities between sons and daughters regarding inheritance and also differences between when they inherit from their mothers or their fathers.  The rabbis have several attempts to explain in what aspect is the mishna referring to in making the comparisons between sons and daughters.

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