The masechet ends with a number of statements describing the difficult historical-political situation after the time of the destruction and discusses what religious factors caused it. However it ends with a note of hope.
A list of various takkanot that were instituted at various points in time. And also things that ceased to exist after the destruction of the temple.
Details about the egla arufa ceremony
More details about who is exempt from war. Who is referred to as the soft-hearted that are exempt from war? Which type of war are these exemptions for? All wars? Just optional wars?
Who is exempt from war? Which parts of the speech are said by whom? A contradiction between two tannaitic sources leads to a discussion about tree grafting and whether it is considered a new growth that will exempt one from going to war.
More statements about the damaging nature of flattery. The new chapter deals with the kohen who gives a speech to the people before going out to war both to exempt certain people from war as well as to encourage those who are going not to be fearful because God is with them. From here the mishna (and the gemara in turn) sidetracks to Goliath and extrapolates the verses about him and David’s fight against him.
The Kohen Gadol reads from the Torah on Yom Kippur. The king reads from the Torah at the hakhel ceremony once every seven years. Details of these ceremonies are discussed.
What happens if there are only kohanim in the synagogue? How does the exact timing/chronology of birkat kohanim work? The kohanim and the people are not to rush things. What do the kohanim say before and after they bless the people? Are the congregants supposed to recite verses while the kohanim are blessing them? Some details regarding piblic torah reading also are discussed.
There are a number of differences between the blessing of the Kohanim in the Beit Hamikdash and out side of the Beit Hamikdash. Many details are derived relating to the blessing of the Kohanim – in Hebrew only, while standing, they face the people and the people face them, out loud, etc. What if there is only one Kohen? Who calls up the Kohanim? What if a Kohen doesn’t want to say the blessings?
Who went into the Red Sea first – the tribe of Benjamin or Nachshon the son of Aminadav from the tribe of Judah? How were the blessings and curses recited? How many covenants were formed on that day? When else were there covenants formed as the ones on that day?