Horayot ends with a series of lists of precedence – what sacrifices take precedence over others? Which people take precedence over others? What is the best type of leader to head the Beit Midrash? Interestingly enough, the last question of the masachet is answered with a teiku – no answer is given!
What are the differences between different types of Kohanim?
The story of Lot and his daughters is brought up in the context of a discussion of doing things with the right intentions. Differences between the leaders in Babylonia and those in Israel are discussed. Can those leaders be considered like a “nasi” to bring the unique sacrifice?
What if a leader sinned accidentally and before he brought the sacrifice, he was no longer the leader? Or what if he sinned before he became the leader and before bringing the sacrifice he became the leader? Is the moment of sinning what determines or the moment of realizing that he sinned? Various aspects of leadership are discussed and the responsibilities of a leader to the people. A story of Rabban Gamliel and Rabbi Yehoshua is brought to illustrate this point.
Who is exempt and who is obligated to bring a sliding scale offering? There are various opinions and even those who think the king or the Kohen Gadol are obligated, make exceptions in particular cases. Explanations for all the opinions are brought and discussed.
Study Guide Horayot 8 The derivations are brought for the following laws – the types of sins one brings the sin offerings discussed are for sins that if one were to trangress them on purpose, they would be punished by karet; the verses in Bamidbar that discuss sin offerings relate to the sin of idol worship exclusively; the bull sin offering of the community is only for sins that if one did it individually they would need to bring a regular sin offering but not a sliding scale sin offering.