Further discussions about where we derive the laws regarding sacrifices that are brought with the wrong intentions that they are sacrificed but as voluntary offerings and do not provide atonement for the original intent and a new sacrifice has to be brought.
What is the source for the disqualification of the sacrifice in the case where it was sacrificed for the wrong type of sacrifice or for the wrong person – in each of the 4 sacrificial rites?
Several contradictions are raised against statements brought in the name of Rav relating to cases in which sacrifices are/are not disqualified. Comparisons are made to divorce documents, impurities in utensils (what things are considered a barrier that the impurity cannot pass through), and laws within the topic itself (various different cases where thoughts disqualify/don’t disqualify the sacrifices).
What happens if one of the main parts of the sacrificial rites is performed with the wrong intent? What if it was done with no particular intent – is that considered “no intent” or “intent”? How does this compare to a get (divorce document) that requires it be written “leshma” – for the particular woman getting divorced?
Horayot ends with a series of lists of precedence – what sacrifices take precedence over others? Which people take precedence over others? What is the best type of leader to head the Beit Midrash? Interestingly enough, the last question of the masachet is answered with a teiku – no answer is given!
What are the differences between different types of Kohanim?
The story of Lot and his daughters is brought up in the context of a discussion of doing things with the right intentions. Differences between the leaders in Babylonia and those in Israel are discussed. Can those leaders be considered like a “nasi” to bring the unique sacrifice?
What if a leader sinned accidentally and before he brought the sacrifice, he was no longer the leader? Or what if he sinned before he became the leader and before bringing the sacrifice he became the leader? Is the moment of sinning what determines or the moment of realizing that he sinned? Various aspects of leadership are discussed and the responsibilities of a leader to the people. A story of Rabban Gamliel and Rabbi Yehoshua is brought to illustrate this point.
Who is exempt and who is obligated to bring a sliding scale offering? There are various opinions and even those who think the king or the Kohen Gadol are obligated, make exceptions in particular cases. Explanations for all the opinions are brought and discussed.
Study Guide Horayot 8 The derivations are brought for the following laws – the types of sins one brings the sin offerings discussed are for sins that if one were to trangress them on purpose, they would be punished by karet; the verses in Bamidbar that discuss sin offerings relate to the sin of idol worship exclusively; the bull sin offering of the community is only for sins that if one did it individually they would need to bring a regular sin offering but not a sliding scale sin offering.