What is an oath regarding testimony for which one is obligated to bring a sliding scale sin offering? Anyone who cannot testify is excluded from responsibility, including women. The gemara asks from where in the Torah we know that women can’t testify and brings various braitot that all prove from the same verse – each using a different drasha that women cannot be witnesses. The gemara learns other halachot regarding court cases, i.e. who stands and who sits also from that verse as well as other halachot relating to the commandment to the judges to be fair and balanced. What types of exceptions are made if a talmid chacham comes to be judged in the court?