Jan 202017

If one seizes as collateral of any item that is used for one purpose but made up of two parts, one is obligated in two negative commandments.  This is learned from the verse about the millstone, which is made of two parts.  If one took a collateral, he needs to return it but there is a debate about whether or not he needs to then go to court to prove he is owed money for the loan or is he believed that he is at least owed the amount of the value of the item he took based on a migo – since he could have claimed that he purchased it.  A house that has joint ownership – one lives in the main floor and one upstairs – and it fell apart, how do they split the pieces that fell?  If one rents out the upstairs of his house and the floor gets ruined, who is responsible to fix what parts?  If the owner doesn’t fix his part, the renter can move in downstairs.  Various questions are raised regarding exactly how this arrangement works out?

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