The mishna said that if an animal falls into someone’s property and benefited, the owner pays what he benefited. What type of benefit is the mishna discussing – eating or that the produce softened the fall? Does it make a difference what caused the animal to fall? What if the animal moved to a different area of the field and ate there – is the owner still exempt from damages and only pays what he benefited? There are a number of different opinions. How does one assess damages an animal does to someone else’s field? Different opinions are brought. The main opinion is that it is evaluated based on a field that is 60 times larger (within that, there are a few varying interpretations). The rabbis question whether this method of assessing is true also for a person who damages another’s field or only if it is their property that caused the damage.
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